Oral Conscious Sedation
Preparing for Your Child's Sedation Visit
We have recommended sedation for your child's safety and comfort during dental procedures. Sedation can help increase cooperation and reduce anxiety and/or discomfort associated with dental treatment. Various medications can be used to sedate a child; medicines will be selected based upon your child's overall health, level of anxiety, and dental treatment recommendations.
Once the medications have been administered, it may take up to 30 minutes before your child shows signs of sedation and is ready for treatment. Most children become relaxed and/or drowsy and may drift into a light sleep from which they can be aroused easily.
Unlike general anesthesia, sedation is not intended to make a patient unconscious or unresponsive. Some children may not experience relaxation but an opposite reaction such as agitation or crying. These also are common responses to the medicines and may prevent us from completing the dental procedures. In any case, our staff will observe your child's response to the medications and provide assistance as needed.
You, as parent/legal guardian, play a key role in your child's dental care. Children often perceive a parent's anxiety, which makes them more fearful. They tolerate procedures best when their parents understand what to expect and prepare them for the experience. If you have any questions about the sedation process, please ask. As you become more confident, so will your child. For your child's safety, you must follow the instructions below.
Prior To Your Child's Sedation Appointment
- Please notify our office of any change in your child's health and/or medical condition. Fever, ear infection, nasal or chest congestion, or recent head trauma could place your child at increased risk for complications. Should your child become ill just prior to a sedation appointment, contact our office to see if it is a necessary to postpone the sedation.
- Tell us about any prescribed, over-the-counter, or herbal mediations your child is taking. Check with us to see if routine medications should be taken the day of the sedation. Also, report any allergies or reactions to medications that your child has experienced.
- Food and liquids must be restricted in the hours prior to sedation. Fasting decreases, the risk of vomiting and aspirating stomach contents into the lungs,
a potentially life-threatening problem. We will not proceed with the sedation if you do not comply with the following requirements.
TYPE OF FOOD/LIQUID MINIMUM FASTING PERIOD Clear liquids (water, apple juice) 2 hours before sedation (Small sips) Breast milk 4 hours before sedation Formula, non-human milk, and light meal (toast and clear liquid) 6 hours before sedation Fried or fatty foods or meat 8 hours before sedation
- Dress your child in loose-fitting, comfortable clothing. This will allow us to place monitors that evaluate your child's response to the medications and help ensure your child's safety. These monitors may measure effects on your child's breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
- Try not to bring other children to this appointment so you can focus your attention on your child undergoing the sedation.
- If you will be traveling home by automobile, it is preferable to have two adults accompany the patient home. On the way home, one individual should be able to observe the child's breathing without any distractions, especially if the patient falls asleep while in the car or safety seat.
During The Sedation Appontment
- When sedative medications are administered before your child is taken to the treatment room, we will ask you to watch your child closely as he/she may become sleepy, dizzy, unsteady, uncoordinated, or irritable. You will need to remain next to your child to prevent injuries that may occur from stumbling/falling. Keeping your child calm but distracted from the unfamiliar surroundings often is helpful.
- During the sedation appointment, you will remain in the waiting room and WILL NOT be allowed back during the procedure.
- You, as the child's parent/legal guardian, must remain at the office throughout the sedation appointment. You may not leave the office for any reason.
- After the procedure, we give your child juice, water and popsicles to make sure they are hydrated and can hold fluids down.
- The doctor and staff will evaluate your child's health status before he/she will be discharged home. Children recover from effects of sedatives at different rates so be prepared to remain at our office until the doctor has determined your child is stable and the after-effects are minimal. At discharge, your child should be responsive but may be drowsy, crying, or fussy.
After The Sedation Appontment
- Once home, your child will still be drowsy and must remain under adult supervision until fully recovered from the effects of the sedation. If your child wants to sleep, position your child on his/her side with the head supported and the chin up. If your child is snoring, reposition the head until the snoring disappears and your child breathes normally. If breathing becomes abnormal or you are unable to arouse your child, contact emergency services (call 911) immediately.
- Nausea and vomiting are occasional side effects of sedation. If vomiting occurs, immediately clear the material from your child's mouth. Once again, be sure that the breathing is normal. If breathing becomes abnormal or you are unable to arouse your child, contact emergency services (call 911) immediately. If vomiting persists for 20 to 40 minutes, contact our office immediately.